Wuyue

Wuyue

吳越
907–978
China during the early Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. A prefix of "F." indicates a city suffixed with "-fu", a prefix of "Z." indicates a city suffixed with "-zhou".
China during the early Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. A prefix of "F." indicates a city suffixed with "-fu", a prefix of "Z." indicates a city suffixed with "-zhou".
StatusTributary state of Later Liang, Later Tang, Later Jin, Liao, Later Han, Later Zhou and Song
CapitalQiantang (Main court; Capital)
Yuezhou (Eastern court)
Common languagesWu Chinese
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
• 907–932
Qian Liu
• 932–941
Qian Yuanguan
• 941–947
Qian Hongzuo
• 947
Qian Hongzong
• 947–978
Qian Chu (Qian Hongchu)
Historical eraFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
886
• Fall of the Tang Dynasty
907
• Submitted to Song
978
• Extinguishment
988
CurrencyChinese cash, Chinese coin
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tang Dynasty
Song Dynasty
Today part ofChina

Wuyue (simplified Chinese: 吴越; traditional Chinese: 吳越; pinyin: Wúyuè; Shanghainese: Wu Chinese pronunciation: [ɦuɦyɪʔ]), 907–978, was an independent coastal kingdom founded during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907–960) of Chinese history. It was ruled by the Qian family, whose family name remains widespread in the kingdom's former territory.

Founding

Temple to the Qian King in Hangzhou, one of many shrines to the kings of Wuyue which still exist in its former territory.
Qian Liu, the founder of Wuyue.

Beginning in 887, the Qian family provided military leaders to the Tang Dynasty. Qian Liu was named Prince of Yue in 902, with the title of Prince of Wu added two years later. In 907, when the Tang Dynasty fell and was replaced in the north by the Later Liang, military leaders in the south formed their own kingdoms. Qian Liu used his position to proclaim himself the King of Wuyue. This signaled the beginning of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period which would last until the founding of the Song Dynasty in 960.

Origin of name

The name Wuyue comes from the combination of Wu Kingdom and Yue Kingdom, two ancient kingdoms during the Spring and Autumn period from 770 to 476 BC.