Wernigerode

Wernigerode
View over Wernigerode with its castle
View over Wernigerode with its castle
Coat of arms of Wernigerode
Coat of arms
Location of Wernigerode within Harz district
Wernigerode in HZ.png
Wernigerode is located in Germany
Wernigerode
Wernigerode
Wernigerode is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Wernigerode
Wernigerode
Coordinates: 51°50′6″N 10°47′7″E / 51°50′6″N 10°47′7″E / 51.83500; 10.78528(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total32,837
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
38855, 38879
Dialling codes03943, 039455
www.wernigerode.de

Wernigerode (German pronunciation: [ˌvɛɐ̯nɪɡəˈʁoːdə]) is a town in the district of Harz, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Until 2007, it was the capital of the district of Wernigerode.[2] Its population was 35,041 in 2012.

Wernigerode is located southwest of Halberstadt, and is picturesquely situated on the Holtemme river, on the north slopes of the Harz Mountains. Wernigerode is located on the German Timber-Frame Road.[3]

Geography

Location

Wernigerode and the Brocken in winter

The town lies at about 250 metres above sea level (NN) on the northeastern flank of the Harz Mountains in central Germany, at the foot of their highest peak, the Brocken, on the B 6 and B 244 federal highways and on the railway line from Halberstadt to Vienenburg that links the cities of Halle (Saale) and Hanover.

The River Holtemme flows through the town and, not far from its western gate, it is joined by the Zillierbach stream, which is also known as the Flutrenne near its mouth. North of the town the Barrenbach flows through several ponds and empties into the Holtemme in the village of Minsleben. The historic town centre consists of an old town and a new town (Altstadt and Neustadt). The town's borough includes Hasserode, Nöschenrode, the residential estates of Stadtfeld, Burgbreite and Harzblick as well as the villages of Benzingerode, Minsleben, Silstedt, Schierke and Reddeber.

The borough measures 9.5 km from west to east and 6 km from north to south. Its highest point is the Brocken, at 1,141 metres above NN, and its lowest is at 215 metres.

The town lies on the German-Dutch holiday road known as the Orange Route.

The Northern Harz Boundary Fault crosses the borough along which runs the watershed between the Weser and Elbe rivers. To the north precipitation flows into the Weser, to the southeast, later northeast, waters flow into the Elbe. This fault line runs through the suburb of Hasserode to the west south west of the city centre and forms the town's castle hill to the south east of the city centre.

Town divisions

The borough of Wernigrode is divided into the town itself, including the villages of Hasserode and Nöschenrode incorporated before 1994 and five villages with their own parish councils that were integrated in 1994: Benzingerode, Minsleben, Reddeber, Schierke and Silstedt.[4]

Climate

Wernigerode in the rain shadow of the Harz

Wernigerode is located in the Central European transition subzone of the temperate climatic zone.[5] Its average annual temperature is 9.5 °C; its average annual precipitation is 500 millimetres.

The warmest months are June to August with average temperatures of 16.0 to 18.3 °C and the coldest are December to February at 1.1 to 2.1 °C.

The most rain falls in July, on average 54 millimetres, the least in February, with 30 millimetres on average.

The climate, more precisely the amounts of precipitation and temperatures, are influenced by the orographic rainfall caused by the Harz Mountains. Because the town lies in the rain shadow (leeward side) of the Harz, less precipitation falls here than in similar temperate regions without the protection of a mountain range. In addition the occasional föhn winds that occur result in an increase in temperatures.

Climate data for Wernigerode
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 39 41 46 57 64 70 75 75 66 57 46 39 56
Average low °F 28 30 34 39 46 52 55 55 50 43 37 32 42
Average precipitation inches 1.5 1.2 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.9 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.9 1.7 19.7
Average high °C 4 5 8 14 18 21 24 24 19 14 8 4 14
Average low °C −2 −1 1 4 8 11 13 13 10 6 3 0 6
Average precipitation mm 37 30 46 35 46 47 54 43 36 34 49 43 500
Average rainy days 14 14 16 13 13 13 15 13 12 13 16 17 169
Mean monthly sunshine hours 56.5 84.75 113 141.25 169.5 197.75 197.75 169.5 141.25 113 56.5 56.5 1,497.25
Source: [6]

Wernigerode has a snow load class of 3 according to the German industrial standard, DIN 1055.