University of Glasgow

University of Glasgow
Scottish Gaelic: Oilthigh Ghlaschu
Uni Glasgow 2017 arms.png
Coat of arms of the University of Glasgow
Latin: Universitas Glasguensis
MottoVia, Veritas, Vita
Motto in English
"The Way, The Truth, The Life"
TypeAncient public research university
Established1451
Endowment£200.6 million (as of 31 July 2018)[1]
Budget£626.5 million (2017-18)[1]
ChancellorSir Kenneth Calman
RectorAamer Anwar
PrincipalSir Anton Muscatelli
Academic staff
2,942[2]
Administrative staff
4,003[2]
Students28,615 (2016/17)[3]
Undergraduates20,420 (2016/17)[3]
Postgraduates8,195 (2016/17)[3]
Location,
Colours
AffiliationsAssociation of Commonwealth Universities
Guild of European Research-Intensive Universities
PEGASUS
Russell Group
www.gla.ac.uk
Uni shield for wikipedia.png

The University of Glasgow (abbreviated as Glas. in post-nominals) is a public research university in Glasgow, Scotland. Founded by papal bull in 1451, it is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities. Along with the universities of Edinburgh, Aberdeen, and St. Andrews, the university was part of the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century.

In common with universities of the pre-modern era, Glasgow originally educated students primarily from wealthy backgrounds, however, it became a pioneer[citation needed] in British higher education in the 19th century by also providing for the needs of students from the growing urban and commercial middle class. Glasgow University served all of these students by preparing them for professions: the law, medicine, civil service, teaching, and the church. It also trained smaller but growing numbers for careers in science and engineering.[4] The annual income of the institution for 2017–18 was £626.5 million of which £180.8 million was from research grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £610.1 million.[1] It is currently a member of Universitas 21, the Russell Group and the Guild of European Research-Intensive Universities.

The university was originally located in the city's High Street; since 1870, its main campus has been at Gilmorehill in the West End of the city.[5] Additionally, a number of university buildings are located elsewhere, such as the Veterinary School in Bearsden, and the Crichton Campus in Dumfries.[6]

Alumni or former staff of the university include James Wilson (a founding father of the United States), philosopher Francis Hutcheson, engineer James Watt, philosopher and economist Adam Smith, physicist Lord Kelvin, surgeon Joseph Lister, seven Nobel laureates, and three British Prime Ministers.

Reputation

The University of Glasgow ranked 60th and 67th globally in the 2019 CWTS Leiden and 2020 QS World University Ranking respectively[7] and came nationally among the top 10 universities in the UK.[8] The university is a member of the prestigious Russell Group, an association of leading British institutions in teaching and research.[9] Due to the high educational standards, the strict entrance requirements in the "Universities and Colleges Admissions Service" (rank 6 in the UK),[10] as well as the reputation in the research world, the university receives numerous applications from students from all over the world every year. As the University of Glasgow belongs to the top 1% in the world,[11] it is part of a small group of leading international universities (World Top 100).[12] According to the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014, 81% of the research achievements were rated as "internationally excellent" and achieved the 10th position on research volume in the United Kingdom.[13]