Thessaly

Thessaly

Θεσσαλία
Thessaly within Greece
Thessaly within Greece
Coordinates: 39°36′N 22°12′E / 39°36′N 22°12′E / 39.6; 22.2Greece
Decentralized AdministrationThessaly and Central Greece
Cession1881
CapitalLarissa
Regional units
Government
 • Regional governorKonstantinos Agorastos [el] (Nea Dimokratia)
Area
 • Total14,036.64 km2 (5,419.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total732,762
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeGR-E
HDI (2017)0.848[2]
very high · www.pthes.gov.gr

Thessaly (Greek: Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name. Before the Greek Dark Ages, Thessaly was known as Aeolia (Greek: Αἰολία, Aíolía), and appears thus in Homer's Odyssey.

Thessaly became part of the modern Greek state in 1881, after four and a half centuries of Ottoman rule. Since 1987 it has formed one of the country's 13 regions[3] and is further (since the Kallikratis reform of 2010) sub-divided into 5 regional units and 25 municipalities. The capital of the region is Larissa. Thessaly lies in northern Greece and borders the regions of Macedonia on the north, Epirus on the west, Central Greece on the south and the Aegean Sea on the east. The Thessaly region also includes the Sporades islands.

Mythology

In Homer's epic, the Odyssey, the hero Odysseus visited the kingdom of Aeolus, which was the old name for Thessaly.

The Plain of Thessaly, which lies between Mount Oeta/Othrys and Mount Olympus, was the site of the battle between the Titans and the Olympians.

According to legend, Jason and the Argonauts launched their search for the Golden Fleece from the Magnesia Peninsula.