Teutons

The Roman empire under Hadrian (ruled 117–138), showing the location of the tribe of the Teutones, in their original home in the northern part of the Jutland peninsula
The migrations of the Teutons and the Cimbri
BattleL defeats of the Cimbri and Teutones
BattleW victories of the Cimbri and Teutones
"The Women of the Teutones Defend the Wagon Fort" (1882) by Heinrich Leutemann

The Teutons (Latin: Teutones, Teutoni, Ancient Greek: Τεύτονες) were an ancient tribe mentioned by Roman authors. They are generally classified as a Germanic tribe. The Teutons are best known for their participation in the Cimbrian War with the Roman Republic in the late 2nd century BC.

Origins

The Teutons are generally classified as a Germanic tribe.[1][2] Some historians have suggested a Celtic origin for the Teutones. It has been suggested that their name is Celtic though this is controversial.[2] Certain ancient writers classify the Teutones as Celts.[3] This might be explained by the fact that writers of the time did not clearly distinguish between Celtic and Germanic peoples.[3] The early traveller of the 4th century BC, Pytheas, mentions the Teutones as inhabitants of the northern ocean coasts along with the Gutones. Strabo (64 or 63 BC – c. AD 24) and Marcus Velleius Paterculus (c. 19 BC – c. AD 31), moreover, classify them as Germanic peoples.[3] According to a map by Ptolemy, they originally lived in Jutland, which is in agreement with Pomponius Mela, who placed them in Scandinavia (Codanonia)[citation needed], implying that they may have originally inhabited both regions previously. The Danish district of Thy claims to be their homeland.[4]