Taifa of Murcia

Taifa of Murcia

1011–1266
Taifa Kingdom of Murcia, c. 1037.
Taifa Kingdom of Murcia, c. 1037.
CapitalMurcia
Common languagesArabic, Mozarabic, Ladino, Berber
Religion
Islam, Christianity (Roman Catholic), Judaism
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Downfall of Caliphate of Córdoba
1011
• To Almeria/Valencia
1014–1038 / 1038–1065
1078–1091 / 1091–1145
• To Valencia
1145–1147
• To the Almohads
1172–1228
• Annexed by Castile
1266
CurrencyDirham and Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Caliphate of Cordoba
Crown of Castile

The Taifa of Murcia was an Arab[1] taifa of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba (11th century). Moorish Taifa of Murcia included Albacete and part of Almería as well.

The taifa is apparently the one that existed the greatest number of separate time periods (five): from 1011 to 1014, from 1065 to 1078, in 1145, from 1147 to 1172 and finally from 1228 to 1266 when it was absorbed by Castile.

The Kingdom of Murcia later would become one of the kingdoms of the Crown of Castile.

Foundation

In the year 713, only two years after the Moorish invasion of the Peninsula, the emir Abd al Aziz occupied the province. Murcia was founded with the name of Medinat Mursiya in A.D. 825 by Abd ar-Rahman II, emir of Al-Andalus. The Moors, taking advantage of the course of the river Segura, created a complex network of irrigation channels that made the town prosperous and is the predecessor of the modern irrigation system. The traveller Muhammad al-Idrisi described it in the 12th century as populous and strongly fortified.