Sukhothai Kingdom

Kingdom of Sukhothai

อาณาจักรสุโขทัย
1238–1438
Approximate extent of Sukhothai's zone of influence, late 13th century.
Approximate extent of Sukhothai's zone of influence, late 13th century.
CapitalSukhothai (1238–1347, 1430–1438)
Phitsanulok (1347–1430)
Common languagesSukhothai dialect
Religion
Theravada Buddhism
GovernmentFeudalism
King 
• 1238–1257
Sri Indraditya
• 1279–1299
Ramkhamhaeng
• 1347–1368
Mahathammaracha I
• 1419–1438
Mahathammaracha IV
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Liberation from Lavo
1238
• Expansions under Ram Khamhaeng
1279–1298
• Became Ayutthayan tributary
1378
• Merger into Ayutthaya Kingdom
1438
• Maha Thammaracha becomes King of Ayutthaya
1569[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lavo Kingdom
Ayutthaya Kingdom
Today part ofThailand
Laos
Myanmar
Malaysia
Part of a series on the
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The Kingdom of Sukhothai (Thai: สุโขทัย, pronounced [sù.kʰǒː.tʰāj]) was an early kingdom in the area around the city Sukhothai, in north central Thailand. The Kingdom existed from 1238 until 1438. The old capital, now 12 km outside Sukhothai in Tambon Mueang Kao, is in ruins and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Historical Park.

Etymology

Sukhothai is from Sanskrit sukha (सुख "happiness") + udaya (उदय "rise, emergence"), meaning "dawn of happiness".