Styria (Slovenia)

Styria (Slovenia)

Spodnja Štajerska / Untersteiermark
Typical Lower Styrian landscape in Sevnica.
Typical Lower Styrian landscape in Sevnica.
Territory of the former Styrian duchy, superimposed on the modern borders of Austria and Slovenia
Territory of the former Styrian duchy, superimposed on the modern borders of Austria and Slovenia
CountrySlovenia Slovenia
Elevation
300 m (1,000 ft)
Traditional regions of Slovenia
Borders of the Historical Habsburgian Lands in the Republic of Slovenia.png
1 Littoral; Carniola: 2a Upper
2b Inner, 2c Lower
3 Carinthia; 4 Styria; 5 Prekmurje

Styria (Slovene: Štajerska), also Slovenian Styria (Slovenska Štajerska) or Lower Styria (Spodnja Štajerska; German: Untersteiermark), is a traditional region in northeastern Slovenia, comprising the southern third of the former Duchy of Styria. The population of Styria in its historical boundaries amounts to around 705,000 inhabitants, or 34.5% of the population of Slovenia. The largest city is Maribor.

Use of the term

In the 19th century the Styrian duchy, which existed as a distinct political-administrative entity from 1180 to 1918, used to be divided into three traditional regions: Upper Styria (Obersteiermark; Zgornja Štajerska) and Central Styria (Mittelsteiermark; Srednja Štajerska), as well as Lower Styria, stretching from the Mur River and the Slovene Hills in the north down to the Sava. Upper and central, predominantly German-speaking, today form the Austrian state of Styria (Steiermark). The southern third, lower Styria predominantly Slovene-speaking, became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) after World War I. After World War II, it became part of the predecessor of modern Slovenia, the Socialist Republic of Slovenia.

Although used interchangeably at times, the term "Southern Styria" (Südsteiermark) refers to the southern districts within the Austrian state of Styria, whereas the term "Lower Styria" (Spodnja Štajerska) refers to the northeastern region of Styria within Slovenia.[citation needed]