Stralsund

Stralsund
Old town of Stralsund as seen from St. Mary's church
Old town of Stralsund as seen from St. Mary's church
Coat of arms of Stralsund
Coat of arms
Location of Stralsund within Vorpommern-Rügen district
Stralsund in VR.svg
Stralsund is located in Germany
Stralsund
Stralsund
Stralsund is located in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Stralsund
Stralsund
Coordinates: 54°18′N 13°5′E / 54°18′N 13°5′E / 54.300; 13.083(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total59,517
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
18435, 18437, 18439
Dialling codes03831
www.stralsund.de
The main landmark of Stralsund: Its extraordinary Brick Gothic city hall from cellar vaults.

Stralsund (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʁaːlzʊnt]), (Swedish: Strålsund[2]) is a Hanseatic town in the Pomeranian part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. It is located at the Southern coast of the Strelasund, a sound of the Baltic Sea separating the island of Rügen from the mainland.[3]

The Strelasund Crossing with its two bridges and several ferry services connects Stralsund with Rügen.[3] The Western Pomeranian town has been the capital of the Vorpommern-Rügen district since the 2011 district reforms. It is the fourth-largest city of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and, together with Greifswald, Stralsund forms an Oberzentrum, one of four high-level urban centers of the region.

Stralsund was granted city rights in 1234 and was one of the most prospering members of the medieval Hanseatic League. In 1628, during the Thirty Years' War, Stralsund came under Swedish rule and remained so until the upheavals of the Napoleonic Wars. In the 19th century it became part of Prussia and Germany. Since 2002, Stralsund's old town with its rich heritage is honored as a UNESCO World Heritage, along with Wismar in Mecklenburg.

The main industries of Stralsund are shipyards, fishing, mechanical engineering, and, to an increasing degree, tourism, life sciences, services and high tech industries, especially information technology and biotechnology.

Geography

Aerial view of Stralsund and its world heritage old town island

Location

The town of Stralsund is located in northeastern Germany in the region of Western Pomerania in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

Climate

Precipitation diagram

Its annual precipitation is 656 mm (25.8 inches) and comparatively low, falling within the lowest third of all precipitation values in Germany. The driest month is February; the most precipitation falls in July. The precipitation varies relatively moderately throughout the year. Only 40% of weather stations in Germany exhibit lower seasonal variation.

Landscapes, hills and rivers

Rügen Bridge, Germany's largest bridge, connects Stralsund with Rügen Island

The town lies on the sound of Strelasund, a strait of the Baltic Sea. Its geographic proximity to the island of Rügen, whose only fixed link to the mainland, the Strelasund Crossing, runs between Stralsund and the village of Altefähr, has given Stralsund the sobriquet "Gateway to the Island of Rügen" (Tor zur Insel Rügen). Stralsund is located close to the Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park.

Stralsund's town borough includes municipal forest and three municipal ponds (the Knieperteich, Frankenteich and Moorteich. The three ponds and the Strelasund lend the Old Town, the original settlement site and historic center of the town, a protected island ambience. The highest point of the town is the Galgenberg ("Gallows Hill") on its western approaches.

Subdivisions

The town's territory covers an area of 38.97 km², which makes Stralsund, with its nearly 58,000 inhabitants one of the most densely populated towns in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (1,480 inhabitants per km²).

The borough of the Hanseatic town of Stralsund is divided into as follows:

No. Area Quarter Population
(as of Dec. 2015[4])
01 Altstadt (Old Town) 5,942
011 Altstadt Altstadt 5,630
012 Altstadt Hafeninsel (Harbour Island) 24
013 Altstadt Bastionengürtel 288
02 Knieper 24,966
021 Knieper Kniepervorstadt 6,059
022 Knieper Knieper Nord 6,597
023 Knieper Knieper West 12,310
03 Tribseer 9,876
031 Tribseer Tribseer Vorstadt 5,204
032 Tribseer Tribseer Siedlung 3,431
033 Tribseer Tribseer Wiesen 1,129
034 Tribseer Schrammsche Mühle 112
04 Franken 6,660
041 Franken Frankenvorstadt 5,209
042 Franken Dänholm 316
043 Franken Franken Mitte 365
044 Franken Frankensiedlung 770
05 Süd 3,947
051 Süd Andershof 3,297
052 Süd Devin 576
053 Süd Voigdehagen 74
06 Lüssower Berg 225
07 Langendorfer Berg 318
08 Grünhufe 6,307
081 Grünhufe Stadtkoppel 320
082 Grünhufe Vogelsang 2,240
083 Grünhufe Grünthal-Viermorgen 3,687
084 Grünhufe Freienlande 60

The town also possesses estates in the local area as well as on the islands of Rügen, Hiddensee and Ummanz.

Neighbouring municipalities

Larger towns or cities in the nearby area are Greifswald and Rostock. In the local area around Stralsund there are also the towns of Barth and Ribnitz-Damgarten.

Many of the smaller villages in the vicinity, like Prohn or Negast, have grown sharply after 1990 as a result of the influx of those living or working in Stralsund.