Siege of Jerusalem (1244)

Siege of Jerusalem
Part of the Crusades
DateJuly 15, 1244
Location
Result

Decisive Ayyubid-Khwarazmian victory

Belligerents
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubid Sultanate
Khwarazmians
Vexillum Regni Hierosolymae.svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg As-Salih AyyubVexillum Regni Hierosolymae.svg
Strength
FewerUnknown
Casualties and losses
UnknownUnknown

The 1244 Siege of Jerusalem took place after the Sixth Crusade, when the Khwarezmians conquered the city on July 15, 1244.

Sequence of events

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor led the Sixth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1228, and claimed the kingship of Jerusalem by right of his wife, Queen Yolande of Jerusalem, who had inherited the title of 'Queen of Jerusalem' from her mother, Maria of Montferrat, the wife of John of Brienne.[citation needed]

The size of Frederick II's army and his reputation was sufficient to regain Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nazareth and a number of neighbouring castles by treaty from the Ayyubid Sultan Al-Kamil. However, Jerusalem did not remain for long in Christian hands, as there was not enough Christian-held hinterland to make it defensible.[citation needed]

The Ayyubids invited the free-roaming Khwarazmian clans, whose empire had been destroyed by the Mongols, to reconquer the city. In the siege and subsequent fall of the city in July, 1244, the Khwarezmians completely razed Jerusalem, leaving it in ruins and useless to both Christians and Muslims.[citation needed]

The Seventh Crusade (1248-1254) under Louis IX of France was motivated by this massacre, but it accomplished little except to play a part in the process of replacement of the Ayyubid sultans with the more powerful Mamluks, who were the Crusaders' main opponents in 1250.[citation needed]