Sancho II of Portugal

Sancho II
D. Sancho II - Compendio de crónicas de reyes (Biblioteca Nacional de España).png
King Sancho in the Castilian manuscript Compendium of Chronicles of Kings (...) (c. 1312-1325)
King of Portugal
Reign26 March 1223 – 4 December 1247
PredecessorAfonso II
SuccessorAfonso III
Born8 September 1209
Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal
Died4 January 1248 (aged 38)
Toledo, Kingdom of Castile
SpouseMécia Lopes de Haro
FatherAfonso II of Portugal
MotherUrraca of Castile
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Sancho II (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃ʃu]), nicknamed the Pious (Portuguese: o Piedoso) and the Caped or the Capuched (Portuguese: o Capelo), King of Portugal (8 September 1209 – 4 January 1248) was King of Portugal from 1223 to 1248. He was succeeded on the Portuguese throne by his brother, King Afonso III, in 1248.

Sancho was born in Coimbra, the eldest son of Afonso II of Portugal by his wife, Infanta Urraca of Castile.

Military career and reign

By the time of his accession to the throne, in 1223, Portugal was embroiled in a difficult diplomatic conflict with the Catholic Church. His father, Afonso II, had been excommunicated by Pope Honorius III, for his attempts at reducing the Church's power within the country. A treaty of 10 articles was signed between the Pope and Sancho II, but the king paid little attention to its fulfillment. His priority was the Reconquista, the reconquest of the southern Iberian Peninsula from the Moors. From 1236 onwards, Sancho II conquered several cities in the Algarve and Alentejo, securing the Portuguese position in the region.