Sallarid dynasty

Sallarid dynasty

Map of the Sallarid dynasty at its greatest extent
Map of the Sallarid dynasty at its greatest extent
Common languagesPersian
• 919–941
Muhammad bin Musafir (first)
• 1050–1062
Musafir ibn Ibrahim II (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sajid dynasty
Nizari Ismaili state
Today part of Armenia

The Sallarid dynasty (Persian: سالاریان‎), (also known as the Musafirids or Langarids) was an Iranian[1][2] Muslim dynasty ruled in Tarom, Samiran, Daylam, Gilan and subsequently Azerbaijan, Arran, some districts in Eastern Armenia in the 2nd half of the 10th century.[3] They constitute the period in history that has been named the Iranian Intermezzo,[4] a period that saw the rise of native Iranian dynasties during the 9th to the 11th centuries.

Early years

The Sallarids were Daylamites[5][6] who, probably in the later 9th century, gained control of Shamiran, a mountain stronghold about twenty five miles north of Zanjan. From Shamiran they established their rule over the surrounding region of Tarom. The Sallarids also established marriage ties with the neighboring Justanid dynasty of Rudbar.

Muhammad bin Musafir

In the early 10th century the Sallarid in control of Shamiran was Muhammad bin Musafir. He married a Justanid and subsequently involved himself in their internal affairs. His harsh rule, however, eventually turned even his family against him, and in 941 he was imprisoned by his sons Wahsudan ibn Muhammad and Marzuban.