Saint Maurice

Saint Maurice
Mathis Gothart Grünewald 011.jpg
Saint Maurice by Matthias Grünewald c. 16th century
Martyr
Born3rd century
Thebes, Egypt
DiedAD 287
Agaunum, Switzerland
Venerated in
CanonizedPre-Congregation for the Causes of Saints
Major shrineAbbey of St. Maurice, Agaunum (until 961), Magdeburg Cathedral (961-present)
Feast
  • September 22 (Catholic)
  • December 27 (Orthodox)
  • Thout 25 (Coptic Orthodox)
Attributesbanner; soldier; soldier being executed with other soldiers, knight; indigenous African in full armour, bearing a standard and a palm; knight in armour with a red cross on his breast, which is the badge of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Patronagealpine troops; Appenzell Innerrhoden;[1] armies; armorers; Burgundians; Carolingian dynasty;[1] Austria; clothmakers;[2] cramps; dyers; gout; House of Savoy;[1] infantrymen; Lombards; Merovingian dynasty;[1] Piedmont, Italy; Pontifical Swiss Guards; Saint-Maurice, Switzerland; St. Moritz;[1]Sardinia; soldiers; Stadtsulza, Germany; swordsmiths; weavers; Holy Roman Emperors

Saint Maurice (also Moritz, Morris, or Mauritius; Coptic: Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲙⲱⲣⲓⲥ) was the leader of the legendary Roman Theban Legion in the 3rd century, and one of the favorite and most widely venerated saints of that group. He was the patron saint of several professions, locales, and kingdoms. He is also a highly revered saint in the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and other churches of Oriental Orthodoxy.

Early life

According to the hagiographical material, Maurice was an Egyptian, born in AD 250 in Thebes, an ancient city in Upper Egypt that was the capital of the New Kingdom of Egypt (1575-1069 BC). He was brought up in the region of Thebes (Luxor)