Portuguese Gold Coast

Portuguese Gold Coast

Costa do Ouro
Flag of Portuguese Gold Coast
Coat of arms
of the Portuguese Empire
CapitalSão Jorge da Mina
Common languagesPortuguese
Roman Catholicism
Head of state 
• King
   1482–1495 (first)
John II of Portugal
• King
   1640–1642 (last)
John IV of Portugal
• 1482–1484 (first)
Diogo de Azambuja
• 1634–1642 (last)
António da Rocha Magalhães
• Established
21 January 1482
• Disestablished
9 January 1642
Succeeded by
Dutch Gold Coast

The Portuguese Gold Coast was a Portuguese colony on the West African Gold Coast (present-day Ghana) on the Gulf of Guinea.


The Portuguese established the following settlements on the Gold Coast from 21 January 1482:

  • Fort São Jorge da Mina de Ouro, modern Elmina: 21 January 1482 – 28–9 August 1637; this became the capital
  • Fort Santo António de Axim, modern Axim: 1486 – 1642
  • Fort São Francisco Xavier, modern Osu, district of Accra: 1640–1642
  • Fort São Sebastião, modern Shama: 1526–1637.

On 29 August 1637 the Dutch occupied São Jorge da Mina. On 9 January 1642 the whole colony was ceded to the Dutch, who made it part of their Dutch Gold Coast colony.