Pope Innocent IV

Pope

Innocent IV
Pope Innocent IV sends Dominicans and Franciscans out to the Tartars.jpg
Pope Innocent IV sends Dominicans and Franciscans out to the Tartars
Papacy began25 June 1243
Papacy ended7 December 1254
PredecessorCelestine IV
SuccessorAlexander IV
Orders
Consecration28 June 1243
Created cardinal18 September 1227
by Gregory IX
Personal details
Birth nameSinibaldo Fieschi
Bornc. 1195
Genoa or Manarola, Republic of Genoa
Died(1254-12-07)7 December 1254 (aged 59)
Naples, Kingdom of Sicily
DenominationCatholic
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Coat of armsInnocent IV's coat of arms
Other popes named Innocent
Papal styles of
Pope Innocent IV
Blason AdrienV.svg
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleSanctitas vestra
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous styleNone

Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius IV; c. 1195 – 7 December 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was the head of the Catholic Church from 25 June 1243 to his death in 1254.[1]

Early life

Born in Genoa (although some sources say Manarola) in an unknown year, Sinibaldo was the son of Beatrice Grillo and Ugo Fieschi, Count of Lavagna. The Fieschi were a noble merchant family of Liguria.[2] Sinibaldo received his education at the universities of Parma and Bologna and, for a time, taught canon law at Bologna.[3] It is pointed out by Agostino Paravicini-Bagliani, however, that there is no documentary evidence of such a professorship.[4] From 1216-1227 he was Canon of the Cathedral of Parma.[5] He was considered one of the best canonists of his time,[6] and was called to serve Pope Honorius III in the Roman Curia as Auditor causarum, from 11 November 1226 to 30 May 1227.[7] He was then promoted to the office of Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (from 31 May to 23 September 1227), though he retained the office and the title for a time after he was named Cardinal.[8]