Piedmont

Piedmont

Piemonte  (Italian)
Piemont  (Piedmontese)
A view over Piedmont's Lake Maggiore, Mount Rosa and Verbania
A view over Piedmont's Lake Maggiore, Mount Rosa and Verbania
Coat of arms of Piedmont
Coat of arms
Piedmont in Italy.svg
CountryItaly
CapitalTurin
Government
 • PresidentAlberto Cirio (FI)
Area
 • Total25,402 km2 (9,808 sq mi)
Population
 (31-10-2017)
 • Total4,377,941
 • Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Demonym(s)English: Piedmontese
Italian: Piemontese
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeIT-21
GDP (nominal)€133 billion (2017)[1]
GDP per capita€30,300 (2017)[2]
HDI (2017)0.887[3]
very high · 10th of 21
www.regione.piemonte.it

Piedmont (t/ PEED-mont; Italian: Piemonte, pronounced [pjeˈmonte]; Piedmontese, Occitan and Arpitan: Piemont, Piedmontese pronunciation: [pjeˈmʊŋt]; French: Piémont) is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.[4] It borders the Liguria region to the south, the Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna regions to the east and the Aosta Valley region to the northwest; it also borders Switzerland to the northeast and France to the west. It has an area of 25,402 square kilometres (9,808 sq mi) and a population of 4,377,941 as of 30 November 2017. The capital of Piedmont is Turin.

Toponymy

The name Piedmont comes from medieval Latin Pedemontium or Pedemontis, i.e., ad pedem montium, meaning "at the foot of the mountains" (the Alps) attested in documents of the end of the 12th century.[5]

Major towns and cities

Population rank City Name Population
(ab)
Surface
(km2)
Density
(ab/km2)
Altitude
(m s.l.m.)
Province or
metropolitan city
1 Turin 883.281 130,17 6.786 239 TO
2 Novara 104.411 103,05 1.013 162 NO
3 Alessandria 93.884 203,97 460 95 AL
4 Asti 76.424 151,82 504 123 AT
5 Moncalieri 57.060 47,63 1.197 260 TO
6 Cuneo 56.116 119,88 468 534 CN
7 Collegno 49.940 18,12 2.756 302 TO
8 Rivoli 48.819 29,52 1.653 390 TO
9 Nichelino 48.182 20,64 2.334 229 TO
10 Settimo Torinese 47.704 32,37 1.473 207 TO

Other towns of Piedmont with more than 20,000 inhabitants sorted by population :

Population rank City Name Population
(ab)
Surface
(km2)
Density
(ab/km2)
Altitude
(m s.l.m.)
Province or
metropolitan city
11 Vercelli 46.808 79,85 586 130 VC
12 Biella 44.860 46,68 961 417 BI
13 Grugliasco 37.906 13,12 2.889 293 TO
14 Chieri 36.778 54,30 677 305 TO
15 Pinerolo 35.778 50,28 711 376 TO
16 Casale Monferrato 34.565 86,32 400 116 AL
17 Venaria Reale 34.248 20,29 1.687 262 TO
18 Alba 31.419 54,01 581 172 CN
19 Verbania 30.933 36,62 844 197 VB
20 Bra 29.705 59,61 498 285 CN
21 Carmagnola 29.052 96,38 301 240 TO
22 Novi Ligure 28.257 54,22 521 199 AL
23 Tortona 27.575 99,29 278 122 AL
24 Chivasso 26.704 51,31 520 183 TO
25 Fossano 24.743 130,72 189 375 CN
26 Ivrea 23.598 30,19 781 253 TO
27 Orbassano 23.240 22,05 1.053 273 TO
28 Mondovì 22.592 87,25 258 395 CN
29 Borgomanero 21.709 32,36 670 307 NO
30 Savigliano 21.306 110,73 192 321 CN
31 Trecate 20.329 38,38 529 136 NO
32 Acqui Terme 20.054 33,30 602 156 AL