Panzhihua

Panzhihua

攀枝花市
Panzhihua
Panzhihua
Location of Panzhihua in Sichuan
Location of Panzhihua in Sichuan
Coordinates (Panzhihua government): 26°34′55″N 101°43′08″E / 26°34′55″N 101°43′08″E / 26.582; 101.719
Panzhihua
Chinese攀枝花
PostalPanchihhwa

Panzhihua (Chinese: 攀枝花; pinyin: Pānzhīhuā), formerly Dukou (渡口), is a prefecture-level city located in the far south of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, at the confluence of the Jinsha and Yalong Rivers. It has an administrative area of 74,423.42 square kilometres (28,735.04 sq mi),[1] and a population at the 2010 census of 1,214,121. 662,814 lived in the metropolitan area made of 3 urban districts.[2]

It is the only city in China named for a flower.[3][4] Its economy relies almost entirely on its giant mine, one of the country's largest. The economy in Panzhihua is mainly centered on natural resource development, exploitation and industry. The city houses many migrants. It is a mountain city. In 2005 Panzhihua won the "China Excellent Tourist City" title, in 2008 it won the "National Health City" and the "China Vanadium, Titanium" titles.

Geography and climate

Ancient cycad forests that were once home to the giant panda are in the area.

The area has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild, dry winters and long, hot, and humid summers. Highs drop to 21 °C (70 °F) in December and January, quickly rebounding during the dry springs, and peak in May and June, unlike much of the rest of the province. Much of the annual rainfall occurs from June to September.

Hydrology

Panzhihua lies in the Yangtze River basin, holding more than 95 waterways. They feed the Jinsha and Yandalong Rivers, which in turn feed the Yangtze. Annual runoff volume is 110.2 billion cubic meters. The potential hydropower capacity is 700 million kilowatts. The installed capacity is 3.474 million kilowatts.

Geology

Panzhihua is close to the Xigeda-Yuanmou fracture in the Sichuan-Yunnan border.[6] Its Renhe District was the epicenter of the 2008 Panzhihua earthquake.