Paderne (Albufeira)

Paderne
Village of Paderne 20 May 2015.jpg
Coat of arms of Paderne
Coat of arms
Paderne is located in Portugal
Paderne
Paderne
Coordinates: 37°10′34″N 8°12′04″W / 37°10′34″N 8°12′04″W / 37.176; -8.201(2011)
 • Total3,304
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Postal code
8200
Area code289
Patronhttps://web.archive.org/web/20130421051615/http://www.freguesiapaderne-abf.com/juntafreguesia.php

Paderne is a civil parish in the municipality (concelho) of Albufeira, in the Portuguese subregion of the Algarve.[1] The population in 2011 was 3,304,[2] in an area of 52.56 km².[3]

History

The name Paderne derives from the lower Latin word Paterni, which means estate of Paterno.

Paderne, or as it was formerly called, Paderna, was an old toponymy, whose origins were in the Lusitanian culture, signifying rough, tough, hard and intractable. The Veiga archaeological crews discovered underground galleries in the settlement that they attributed to prehistoric peoples, although local storytellers indicated that these caverns were used by Moorish peoples as barns or granaries. These galleries were once used as copper mines, but later reused by the peoples that dominated the Algarve: the Phoenicians, Romans, Goths and Arabs.

Around 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from these structures is the Castle of Paderne, constructed in the 13th century during the Almohad caliphate, a Moorish group from North Africa that dominated at the end of the 12th century. This group not only defended the settlement of Paderne, but also controlled passage into the Barrocal and coastal Algarve. Constructed from taipa, the entrance is defended by a tower and barbican.

The castle was taken by Christian forces of King Sancho I, but retaken by the Moors, who kept it until 1248, when knights in the Order of St. James, under Paio Peres Correia, defeated the garrison.

By regal charter, on 1 January 1305, King Denis donated the castle and clergy to the Master of Avis, Lourenço Anes; this Order of Avis also occupied Albufeira at the time.

In 1575, the first reference to a parish seat in Paderne occurred, and records from the local authority show that the change from ecclesiastical seat to parish occurred around 1500. The new church continued to be a priory of the Order of Avis, even as the settlement declined in importance, a decline accelerated after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake when the fortress of Paderne was heavily damaged.

The castle of Paderne was purchased in 1997 by the Instituto Português do Património Aqruitectónico, or IPPA, the forerunner of the National Registry IGESPAR.