Nijmegen city view from the north-west
Nijmegen city view from the north-west
Flag of Nijmegen
Coat of arms of Nijmegen
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Nijmegen in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 51°51′N 5°52′E / 51°51′N 5°52′E / 51.850; 5.867
View to the town from the railway bridge
Historical buildings at the "Grote Markt" ("Great Market").

Nijmegen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈnɛimeːɣə(n)] (About this soundlisten);[a] Nijmeegs: Nimwegen [ˈnɪmβ̞ɛːxə])[b] is a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland, on the Waal river close to the German border.

Nijmegen is the oldest city in the Netherlands, the first to be recognized as such in Roman times, and in 2005 celebrated 2,000 years of existence.

The municipality is part of the Arnhem-Nijmegen urban region, a metropolitan area with 736,107 inhabitants in 2011.

Population centres

The municipality is formed by the city of Nijmegen, incorporating the former villages of Hatert, Hees and Neerbosch, as well as the urban expansion project of Waalsprong, situated north of the river Waal and including the village of Lent and the hamlet of 't Zand, as well as the new suburbs of Nijmegen-Oosterhout and Nijmegen-Ressen.

Proximity of border with Germany

The city lies a few kilometers from the border with Germany, and to some extent the westernmost villages in the municipality of Kranenburg, Germany, function as dormitories for people who work in the Dutch city of Nijmegen in part due to the immigration of Dutch people from the region who were attracted by the lower house pricing just across the border.

The German city of Duisburg (in the Ruhr region) is about 78 km (48.5 mi) away.