Nicholas of Ilok

Nicholas of Ilok
King of Bosnia; Ban of Macsó, Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia; Voivode of Transylvania
Epitaf Nikole Ilockog crkva sv Ivana Kapistrana Ilok 221208.jpg
Gravestone of Nikola Iločki in the Church of St. John of Capistrano in Ilok, Croatia
Ilok, Kingdom of Hungary
(today's Croatia)
SpouseMargit Rozgonyi
Dorottya Széchy de Felsőlendva
Lawrence of Ilok
HouseHouse of Ilok
FatherLadislaus, Ban of Macsó
MotherAnna Stiboriczi

Nicholas of Ilok (Bosnian and Croatian: Nikola Iločki, Hungarian: Újlaki Miklós; 1410–1477) was Ban of Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia and Macsó, Voivode of Transylvania and titular King of Bosnia from 1471 until his death.

A member of the Újlaki family, he was one of the richest landowners in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of its most influential magnates. He held a reputation of a great hero and served under four kings of Hungary: Albert, Vladislaus I, Ladislaus V and Matthias I.

Early career

His parents were Ladislaus of Ilok, Ban of Macsó, and Anna Stiboriczi, daughter of Stibor of Stiboricz, Voivode of Transylvania. His father died shortly after his birth. He had four brothers: John, Stephen, Peter and Paul. His great-grandfather, Nicholas Kont, served as palatine to King Louis I of Hungary. Nicholas was the best known lord of the city of Ilok. While he was in power, the city experienced its golden age. In 1430, Nicholas' brother Stephen died and Nicholas succeeded him as Ban of Macsó.

When King Albert died in 1439, Nicholas supported his widow, Elizabeth of Luxembourg, in her struggle to secure the Holy Crown of Hungary for her son, Ladislaus the Posthumous. As a reward, Queen Elizabeth had him knighted. However, Nicholas soon took the side of Vladislaus III of Poland and allied himself with John Hunyadi. Upon becoming King of Hungary, Vladislaus gave Nicholas and Hunyadi extraordinary powers, appointing them as joint Voivodes of Transylvania.[1]