Nanhua Temple

Nanhua Temple
南华寺
Nanhua Temple gate.JPG
Shanmen at Nanhua Temple.
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityChan Buddhism
Location
LocationShaoguan, Guangdong
CountryChina
Nanhua Temple is located in Guangdong
Nanhua Temple
Shown within Guangdong
Nanhua Temple is located in China
Nanhua Temple
Nanhua Temple (China)
Geographic coordinates24°38′57″N 113°37′53″E / 24°38′57″N 113°37′53″E / 24.64917; 113.63139)
Date established502

Nanhua Temple (simplified Chinese: 南华寺; traditional Chinese: 南華寺; pinyin: Nánhuá Sì; Jyutping: Naam4wa4zi6) is a Buddhist monastery of the Chan Buddhism, one of Five Great Schools of Buddhism where Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of Chan Buddhism, once lived and taught.[1][2] It is located 25-square-kilometre (9.7 sq mi) southeast of Shaoguan, China in the town of Caoxi (漕溪), within Qujiang District. The location is in the northern part of Guangdong Province, within a few kilometers from Bei River, formerly an important trade route from Central China to Guangzhou.

History

The temple was founded during the time of the Northern and Southern Dynasties in 502 AD by an Indian monk named Zhiyao Sanzang (智樂三藏) who originally named the site Baolin Temple (寶林寺).[1][2] It received its present name in 968 during the reign of the Song dynasty Emperor Taizong.[3] Ancestor Hanshan Deqing taught there and reformed the monastery in the 16th century.[4] The site was later renovated in 1934 under the leadership of Hsu Yun whose body is housed in the central forest sanctuary. Recent changes to the site include the building of extensive monastic accommodations.