Moctezuma I

Moctezuma I
Hueyi Tlatoani
Huehuemoteuczoma mendoza.jpg
Moctezuma I in the Codex Mendoza
Reign1440-1469
PredecessorItzcoatl
SuccessorAxayacatl
Born1398
Died1469 (aged 70–71)
Wife
IssuePrincess Atotoztli II
Princess Chichimecacihuatzin II
Prince Iquehuacatzin
Prince Mahchimaleh
Full name
Huēhuē-Motēcuhzōmatzin Ilhuicamīnatzin
FatherEmperor Huitzilihuitl
MotherQueen Miahuaxihuitl

Moctezuma I (c. 1398-1469), also known as Moteuczomatzin Ilhuicamina (About this soundmodern Nahuatl pronunciation ), Huehuemoteuczoma or Montezuma I (Classical Nahuatl: Motēuczōma Ilhuicamīna [moteːkʷˈsoːma ilwikaˈmiːna], Classical Nahuatl: Huēhuemotēuczōma [weːwemoteːkʷˈsoːma]), was the second Aztec emperor and fifth king of Tenochtitlan. During his reign, the Aztec Empire was consolidated,[1] major expansion was undertaken, and Tenochtitlan started becoming the dominant partner of the Aztec Triple Alliance. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. Moctezuma brought social, economical, and political reform to strengthen Aztec rule, and Tenochititlan benefited from relations with other tribes.[2]

Ancestry

Moctezuma was the son of emperor Huitzilihuitl (meaning "Hummingbird Feather") and queen Miahuaxihuitl. He was a brother of Chimalpopoca, Tlacaelel I, and Huehue Zaca. He was the grandson of the first ruler of Tenochtitlan.[3] His name meant “he is angry like a lord” (from the root “tēuc-” [lord] combined with the reflexive verb “mo/zōma” [becomes angry]).[4]