Min Kingdom

Min

909–945
L.LIANG.jpg
CapitalChangle
Common languagesMiddle Chinese, Proto-Min
GovernmentMonarchy
King/Emperor 
• 909–925
Wang Shenzhi
• 943–945
Wang Yanzheng
Historical eraFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
• Wang Shenzhi became the Prince
909
• Wang Yanjun declared himself the Emperor
933
• Independence of Yin
943
• Ended by Southern Tang
945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tang Dynasty
Southern Tang
Yin
Wuyue
Today part ofChina
Min Kingdom
Traditional Chinese閩國
Simplified Chinese闽国

Min (Chinese: ; pinyin: Mǐn) was one of the Ten Kingdoms which was in existence between the years of 909 and 945. It existed in a mountainous region of modern-day Fujian province of China and had a history of quasi-independent rule. Its capital was Fuzhou. It was founded by Wang Shenzhi.

Founding

Wang Shenzhi’s older brother Wang Chao was given the title of Surveillance Commissioner in 892. Wang Shenzhi himself was named military commissioner, and in 909, in the wake of the collapse of the Tang Dynasty two years earlier, named himself the Prince of Min. Wang Shenzhi’s son declared himself the Emperor of Min in 933. At that point, his father was posthumously named Min Taizu.

Etymology of "Min"

The early Chinese exonym Mǐn () was a graphic pejorative written with Radical 142 , the "insect" or "reptile" radical. Xu Shen's (c. 121 CE) Shuowen Jiezi dictionary defines min as:[1] "Southeastern Yue [i.e., Viet]; snake race. [The character is formed] from [the] insect / serpent [radical and takes its pronunciation from] mén.