Mary of Burgundy

Mary
Mary of burgundy pocher.jpg
Portrait, accredited to Michael Pacher, c. 1490
Duchess of Brabant, Limburg, Lothier,
Luxemburg and Guelders; Margravine of Namur; Countess Palatine of Burgundy; Countess of Artois, Flanders, Charolais, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Zutphen
Reign5 January 1477–27 March 1482
PredecessorCharles the Bold
SuccessorPhilip the Handsome
Born13 February 1457
Brussels, Brabant, Burgundian Netherlands
Died27 March 1482(1482-03-27) (aged 25)
Wijnendale Castle, Flanders, Burgundian Netherlands
Burial
Bruges, Flanders
Spouse
IssuePhilip I of Castile
Margaret, Duchess of Savoy
HouseValois-Burgundy
FatherCharles the Bold
MotherIsabella of Bourbon
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Engraving of Mary of Burgundy

Mary (French: Marie; Dutch: Maria; 13 February 1457 – 27 March 1482), Duchess of Burgundy, reigned over many of the territories of the Duchy of Burgundy, now mainly in France and the Low Countries, from 1477 until her death. As the only child of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon, she inherited the duchy upon the death of her father in the Battle of Nancy on 5 January 1477.[1] Owing to the great prosperity of many of her territories, Mary was often referred to as Mary the Rich.

Early years

Mary of Burgundy was born in Brussels at the ducal castle of Coudenberg, to Charles the Bold, then known as the Count of Charolais, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon. Her birth, according to the court chronicler Georges Chastellain, was attended by a clap of thunder ringing from the otherwise clear twilight sky. Her godfather was Louis, Dauphin of France, in exile in Burgundy at that time; he named her for his mother Marie of Anjou. Reactions to the child were mixed: the baby's grandfather, Duke Philip the Good, was unimpressed, and "chose not to attend the [baptism] as it was only for a girl", whereas her grandmother Isabella of Portugal was delighted at the birth of a granddaughter.[2] Her illegitimate aunt Anne was assigned as her governess.