Lutetia

Lutetia
Vidal Lablache - Atlas General Histoire et Geographie, Paris sous les romains - Hipkiss.jpg
Maps of Paris (Paris sous les Romains) from Histoire et Geographie: Atlas General by Paul Vidal de La Blache
Lutetia is located in France
Lutetia
Location within France
LocationParis, France
Coordinates48°51′N 2°21′E / 48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.85; 2.35
TypeRoman city
History
PeriodsRoman Republic to Roman Empire
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BC, showing the location of Lutetia and relative positions of the Celtic tribes.

The Roman city of Lutetia (also Lutetia Parisiorum in Latin, in French Lutèce) was the predecessor of present-day Paris.

Impressive monumental remains of the ancient city can still be seen in situ.

Etymology

The city was referred to as "Λουκοτοκία" (Lukotokía) by Strabo, "Λευκοτεκία" (Leukotekía) by Ptolemy and "Lutetia" by Julius Caesar. The origin of this name is uncertain, though Rabelais (after Strabo) wrote that it meant “white place” in Greek, referring to the complexion of the area’s inhabitants.

The name may contain the Celtic root *luco-t-, which means "mouse" and -ek(t)ia, meaning "the mice" and which can be found today in the Breton word logod, the Welsh llygod, and the Irish luch.[1]

Alternatively, it may derive from another Celtic root, luto- or luteuo-, which means "marsh" or "swamp" and which survives today in the Gaelic loth ("marsh") and the Breton loudour ("dirty").[2]