List of Bohemian monarchs

Monarchy of Bohemia
Znak českého království.png
Charles III
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchBořivoj I (as Duke)
Last monarchCharles III (as King)
Formationc. 870
Abolition28 October 1918
ResidencePrague Castle, Prague
Pretender(s)Charles IV

This is a list of Bohemian monarchs (now also referred to as list of Czech monarchs) who ruled as Dukes and Kings of Bohemia. The Duchy of Bohemia was established in 870 and raised to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 (although several Bohemian monarchs ruled as non-hereditary Kings of Bohemia beforehand, first gaining the title in 1085). From 1004 to 1806, Bohemia was part of the Holy Roman Empire, and its ruler was an elector. During 1526–1804 the Kingdom of Bohemia, together with the other lands of the Bohemian Crown, had been ruled under a personal union as part of the Habsburg Monarchy. From 1804 to 1918, Bohemia had been part of the Empire of Austria, which itself had been part of the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary from 1867 to 1918. Following the dissolution of the monarchy, the Bohemian lands, now also referred to as Czech lands, became part of Czechoslovakia, and form today's Czech Republic (Czechia) since 1993.