Li Jing (Southern Tang)

Li Jing
Emperor Yuanzong of (Southern) Tang (more...)
Li Jing of Southern Tang.jpg
2nd ruler of Southern Tang
PredecessorLi Bian (Emperor Liezu), father
SuccessorLi Yu, son
Born916 or January 917
Probably Sheng Prefecture, possibly Guangling
DiedAugust 12, 961
Nanchang
SpouseEmpress Zhong
ConcubineLady Ling (凌氏)
Issue
Among others
  • Li Hongji, son
  • Li Hongmao (李弘茂), son
  • Li Yu, son
  • Li Congshan, son
  • Li Congyi (李從益), son
  • Li Congqian (李從謙), son
  • Li Congdu (李從度), son
  • Li Congxin (李從信), son
Full name
Surname: Xú (), changed to Lǐ () with father
Given name: Jǐngtōng (), changed to Jǐng () and eventually to Jǐng ()
Era dates
Bǎodà (保大) 943–957
Zhōngxīng (中興) 958
Jiāotài (交泰) 958
(Subsequently adopted the era names of Later Zhou and Song)
Posthumous name
Full: Emperor Míngdào Chóngdé Wénxuān Xiào (皇帝)
Temple name
Yuánzōng ()
FatherLi Bian
MotherEmpress Song

Li Jing (李璟, later changed to 李景) (916[1] – August 12, 961[2][3]), originally Xu Jingtong (徐景通), briefly Xu Jing (徐璟) in 937–939, courtesy name Boyu (伯玉), also known by his temple name Yuanzong (元宗), was the second ruler (sometimes called Zhongzhu (中主, "Middle Ruler")) of imperial China's Southern Tang state during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned his state from 943 until his death.

During Li Jing's earlier reign, he expanded Southern Tang's borders by extinguishing smaller neighboring states: Min in 945 and Chu in 951. However, the warfare also exhausted the wealth of the country, leaving it ill-prepared to resist the Later Zhou invasion in 956. Forced to cede all prefectures north of the Yangtze River, he also had to relinquish his title as an emperor and accept Later Zhou's overlordship in 958, and later Song Dynasty's overlordship after 960 when Song succeeded Later Zhou.

Background

Li Jing, then named Xu Jingtong, was born in 916.[1] His father Xu Zhigao was then Wu's prefect of Sheng Prefecture (昇州, in modern Nanjing, Jiangsu), under his adoptive father (Xu Jingtong's grandfather) Xu Wen, who was then Wu's regent.[4] He was Xu Zhigao's oldest son.[5] His mother was Xu Zhigao's second wife Song Fujin,[6] who would later give birth to three more sons, Xu Jingqian, Xu Jingsui, and Xu Jingda.[7]