Later Jin (Five Dynasties)


Later Jin
Later Jin
CapitalTaiyuan (936)
Luoyang (937)
Kaifeng (937–947)
Common languagesChinese
Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion
• 936–942
Shi Jingtang (Gaozu)
• 942–947
Shi Chonggui (Chudi)
Historical eraFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period
• Shi Jingtang proclaimed Emperor by Liao
November 28, 936
• Emperor Chu's surrender to Liao
January 11, 947
Currencyancient Chinese coinage
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Later Tang
Later Han
Liao dynasty
Today part ofChina

The Later Jìn (simplified Chinese: 后晋; traditional Chinese: 後晉; pinyin: Hòu Jìn, 936–947), also called Shi Jin (石晉), was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China. It was founded by Shi Jingtang, who was posthumously titled "Gaozu". Liao, its original protector state, destroyed Later Jin by invading in 946 and 947, after Jin's second ruler, Shi Chonggui, fell out with them.

Founding of the Later Jin

The first sinicized Shatuo ethnicity state,[1] Later Tang, was founded in 923 by Li Cunxu, son of the great Shatuo chieftain Li Keyong. It extended Shatuo domains from their base in Shanxi to most of North China, and into Sichuan.

After Li Cunxu’s death, his adopted son, Li Siyuan became emperor. However, the Shatuo relationship with the Khitans, which was vital to their rise to power, had soured. Shi Jingtang, the son-in-law of Li Cunxu, rebelled against him, and with the help of the Khitan, declared himself emperor of the Later Jin in 936.

The Later Jin founder Shi Jingtang claimed patrilineal Han Chinese ancestry.[2]

There were Dukedoms for the offspring of the royal families of the Zhou dynasty, Sui dynasty, and Tang dynasty in the Later Jin.[3] This practice was referred to as 二王三恪.

The Tang Imperial Longxi Li lineage 隴西李氏 also included sub lineages like the Guzang Li 姑臧李, from which Li Zhuanmei 李專美 came from, who served the Later Jin.[4]