Korean Peninsula

Korean Peninsula
Korean한반도; Hanja韓半島; RRHan Bando
(used in South Korea)
Korean조선반도; Hanja朝鮮半島; MRChosŏn Pando
(used in North Korea)
N Korea sat image.jpg
LocationNorth Korea
South Korea
Coordinates37°30′N 127°00′E / 37°30′N 127°00′E / 37.5; 127
Part ofEast Asia
Offshore water bodiesSea of Japan (East Sea), East China Sea, Yellow Sea (West Sea), Korea Strait
Highest point
 – elevation
Paektu Mountain
2,744 m (9,003 ft)
Length1,100 km (680 mi)
Area220,748 km2 (85,231 sq mi)
land: 217,818 km2 (84,100 sq mi)
water: 2,293 km2 (885 sq mi)

The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula located in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 1,100 km (680 mi) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east and the Yellow Sea (West Sea) to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the two bodies of water.[1]

Name

The peninsula's names, in Korean, Chinese and Japanese, all share the same origin, that being Joseon, the old name of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty and Gojoseon even longer before that. In North Korea's standard language, the peninsula is called Chosŏn Pando (Korean조선반도; Hanja朝鮮半島; RRJoseon Bando), while in China, as well as in Singapore and Malaysia (where Chinese is a common language), it is called Cháoxiǎn Bàndǎo (朝鲜半岛/朝鮮半島).In Japan, it is either Chōsenhantō (Kanji: 朝鮮半島 / Hiragana: ちょうせんはんとう) or Kanhantō (South Korean-specific only) (Kanji: 韓半島 / Hiragana: かんはんとう). In Vietnam, it is called Bán đảo Triều Tiên. Meanwhile, in South Korea, it is called Hanbando (Korean한반도; Hanja韓半島), referring to the Samhan, specifically the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula.[2][3] They both use "Korea" as part of their official English names, which is a name that comes from the Goryeo (or Koryŏ, in North Korea) dynasty (고려; 高麗).