Jaffna District

Jaffna District

யாழ்ப்பாணம் மாவட்டம்
යාපනය දිස්ත්‍රික්කය
Beach
Beach
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 09°40′N 80°10′E / 09°40′N 80°10′E / 9.667; 80.167
CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceNorthern
CapitalJaffna
DS Division
Government
 • District SecretaryS. Arumainayaham
 • MPs
 • MPCs
Area
 • Total1,025 km2 (396 sq mi)
 • Land929 km2 (359 sq mi)
 • Water96 km2 (37 sq mi)  9.37%
Area rank24th (1.56% of total area)
Population
 (2012 census)[2]
 • Total583,378
 • Rank16th (2.88% of total pop.)
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Ethnicity
(2012 census)[2]
 • Sri Lankan Tamil577,246 (98.95%)
 • Sinhalese3,366 (0.58%)
 • Sri Lankan Moors2,139 (0.37%)
 • Indian Tamil499 (0.09%)
 • Other128 (0.02%)
Religion
(2012 census)[3]
 • Hindu483,900 (82.95%)
 • Christian94,146 (16.14%)
 • Buddhist2,533 (0.43%)
 • Muslim2,455 (0.42%)
 • Other344 (0.06%)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
Post Codes
40000-40999
Telephone Codes021
ISO 3166 codeLK-41
Vehicle registrationNP
Official LanguagesTamil, Jaffna District Secretariat

Jaffna District (Tamil: யாழ்ப்பாணம் மாவட்டம் Yāḻppāṇam Māvaṭṭam; Sinhala: යාපනය දිස්ත්‍රික්කය yāpanaya distrikkaya) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Jaffna.

History

Between the 5th century BC and the 13th century AD present day Jaffna District was part of Rajarata. Jaffna District was thereafter part of the pre-colonial Jaffna kingdom.[4] The district then came under Portuguese, Dutch and British control. In 1815 the British gained control of the entire island of Ceylon. They divided the island into three ethnic-based administrative structures: Low Country Sinhalese, Kandyan Sinhalese and Tamil. Jaffna District was part of the Tamil administration. In 1833, in accordance with the recommendations of the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission, the ethnic based administrative structures were unified into a single administration divided into five geographic provinces.[5] Jaffna District, together with Mannar District and Vanni District, formed the new Northern Province.[6] At the time that Ceylon gained independence, Jaffna was one of the three districts located in the Northern Province. Parts of the district were transferred to newly created Mullaitivu District in September 1978. Kilinochchi District was carved out of the southern part of Jaffna District in February 1984.