Duchy of Brabant

Duchy of Brabant

Hertogdom Brabant (nl)
Duché de Brabant (fr)
1183–1794
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Brabant
Coat of arms (1459)
The Duchy of Brabant (1350) within the 17 provinces and the borders of the Holy Roman Empire (thick line)
The Duchy of Brabant (1350) within the 17 provinces and the borders of the Holy Roman Empire (thick line)
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
part of the Burgundian Netherlands (1430–1482)
part of the Habsburg Netherlands (1482–1794)
part of the Southern Netherlands (1648–1794)
CapitalBrussels
GovernmentFeudal Duchy
Duke of Brabant 
• 1183/1184–1235
Henry I (first)
• 1792–1793
Francis I (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
1183
• Inherited by Duchy of Burgundy
1430
• Inherited by House of Habsburg
1482
• Inherited by Habsburg Spain
1556
30 January 1648
7 March 1714
18 September 1794
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Landgraviate of Brabant
Dutch Republic
French First Republic

The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries, part of the Burgundian Netherlands from 1430 and of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1482, until it was partitioned after the Dutch revolt.

Present-day North Brabant (Staats-Brabant) was adjudicated to the Generality Lands of the Dutch Republic according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, while the reduced duchy remained part of the Southern Netherlands until it was conquered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794. Today all the duchy's former territories, apart from exclaves, are in Belgium except for the Dutch province of North Brabant.

Geography

Duchy of Brabant and Prince-Bishopric of Liège in 1477.

The Duchy of Brabant was historically divided into four parts, each with its own capital. The four capitals were Leuven, Brussels, Antwerp and 's-Hertogenbosch. Before 's-Hertogenbosch was founded, Tienen was the fourth capital.[1]

Its territory consisted essentially of the three modern-day Belgian provinces of Flemish Brabant, Walloon Brabant and Antwerp; the Brussels-Capital Region; and most of the present-day Dutch province of North Brabant. Its most important cities were Brussels, Antwerp, Leuven, Breda, 's-Hertogenbosch, Lier and Mechelen.