Kingdom of Denmark
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark (green), including
(circled), and Denmark proper
and largest city
Copenhagen 55°43′N 12°34′E / 55°43′N 12°34′E / 55.717; 12.567 Official languages Danish Recognised regional languages Faroese Greenlandic German [N 3] Religion Demonym(s) Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Margrethe II Mette Frederiksen Legislature Folketing History c. 8th century 5 June 1849 24 October 1945 24 March 1948 [N 4] 1 January 1973 Area
• Denmark proper
42,933 km 2 (16,577 sq mi) (  ) 130th 2,220,930 km 2 (857,510 sq mi) (12th) Population
• 2019 estimate
5,814,461 (  ) 112th
• Faroe Islands
(Denmark) 135.43/km 2 (350.8/sq mi) GDP ( ) PPP 2018 estimate
$299 billion  ( [N 5] ) 52nd
• Per capita
$51,643 (  ) 19th GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
$370 billion  ( [N 5] ) 34th
• Per capita
$63,829 (  ) 6th Gini (2017) 27.6  low HDI (2017) 0.929  · very high 11th Currency Danish krone ( [N 6] ) DKK Time zone ( +1 UTC ) CET ( +2 UTC ) CEST [N 7] Driving side right Calling code
3 calling codes
+45 (Denmark) +298 (Faroe Islands) +299 (Greenland) ISO 3166 code DK Internet TLD Denmark ( : Danish Danmark, pronounced [ˈtænmak] (), officially the ) listen Kingdom of Denmark, [N 9] is a [N 2] . Denmark proper, which is the southernmost of the Nordic country countries, consists of a peninsula, Scandinavian , and an Jutland of archipelago , 443 named islands [N 2] with the largest being  , Zealand and the Funen . The islands are characterised by flat, North Jutlandic Island and sandy coasts, low elevation and a arable land . The southernmost of the temperate climate nations, Denmark lies southwest of Scandinavian and south of Sweden , Norway and is bordered to the south by [N 10] . The Kingdom of Denmark also includes two Germany autonomous territories in the  : the North Atlantic Ocean and Faroe Islands . Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km Greenland 2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km 2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km  2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million (as of 2019 ). 
emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for unified kingdom of Denmark . Denmark, Sweden, and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the control of the Baltic Sea , established in 1397 and ending with Kalmar Union in 1523. The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until 1814, Swedish secession . Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Denmark–Norway , ending with large Swedish Empire of territory to Sweden. After the cessions , Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Napoleonic Wars . In the 19th century there was a surge of Iceland , which were defeated in the nationalist movements . After the First Schleswig War in 1864, Denmark lost the Second Schleswig War to Prussia. Denmark remained neutral during Duchy of Schleswig , however, in 1920 the northern half of Schleswig became Danish again. In April 1940, a World War I saw brief German invasion skirmishes while the military was active from 1943 until the Danish resistance movement in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced German surrender in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present social and labour-market reforms welfare state with a highly developed model . mixed economy
was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the Constitution of Denmark , which had begun in 1660. It establishes a absolute monarchy organised as a constitutional monarchy democracy. The parliamentary and government are seated in national parliament , the nation's Copenhagen , capital , and main commercial centre. Denmark exercises largest city influence in the hegemonic , Danish Realm powers to handle internal affairs. devolving was established in the Faroe Islandsin 1948; in Home rule home rule was established in 1979 and Greenland in 2009. Denmark became a member of the further autonomy (now the ) in 1973, but negotiated EU ; it retains its own currency, the certain opt-outs . It is among the founding members of krone , the NATO , the Nordic Council , OECD , and the OSCE ; it is also part of the United Nations . Denmark has close ties to its Scandinavian neighbours also linguistically, with the Schengen Area being partially Danish language with both mutually intelligible and Norwegian . Swedish
Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and socially developed countries in the world.
Danes enjoy a high  and the country ranks highly in some metrics of national performance, including standard of living , education , protection of health care , civil liberties , democratic governance , and prosperity . human development   The country ranks as having the world's highest  , social mobility a high level of  , income equality has  , the the lowest perceived level of corruption in the world , has one of the world's eleventh-most developed in the world , and one of the world's highest per capita incomes . highest personal income tax rates 
The etymology of the name "Denmark", the relationship between "Danes" and "Denmark", and the emergence of Denmark as a unified kingdom are topics of continuous scholarly debate.
 This is centered primarily on the prefix  "Dan" and whether it refers to the or a historical person Dani and the exact meaning of the - Dan "mark" ending.
Most etymological dictionaries and handbooks derive "Dan" from a word meaning "flat land",
related to German  Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave". The element  mark is believed to mean or woodland (see borderland ), with probable references to the border forests in south marches . Schleswig
The first recorded use of the word
Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two , which are Jelling stones believed to have been erected by runestones ( Gorm the Old c. 955) and ( Harald Bluetooth c. 965). The larger of the two stones is popularly cited as the "baptismal certificate" ( dåbsattest) of Denmark, though both use the word "Denmark", in the  accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk ( [danmɒrk]) on the large stone, and the genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" (pronounced [danmarkaɽ]) on the small stone, The inhabitants of Denmark are there called  tani ( [danɪ]), or "Danes", in the accusative.