Burgundian Wars

Burgundian Wars
Belagerung von Neuss 1474-1475 - Conradius Pfettisheim.jpg
The Siege of Neuss (1474–75), from Geschichte Peter Hagenbachs und der Burgunderkriege (1477) by Konrad Pfettisheim [de]
Lorraine and northwest Switzerland
ResultFranco-Swiss victory
Extinction of Valois Burgundy and division between Valois France and Habsburg heirs

Duchy of Burgundy

 Duchy of Savoy
Commanders and leaders
Arms of the Duke of Burgundy since 1430.svg Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy 

The Burgundian Wars (1474–1477) were a conflict between the Dukes of Burgundy and the Old Swiss Confederacy and its allies. Open war broke out in 1474, and in the following years the Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, was defeated three times on the battlefield and killed in the Battle of Nancy in 1477. The Duchy of Burgundy and several other Burgundian lands then became part of France, while the Burgundian Netherlands and the Franche-Comté were inherited by Charles's daughter Mary of Burgundy, and eventually passed to the House of Habsburg upon her death because of her marriage to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.

General situation

Territories of the house of Valois-Burgundy during the reign of Charles the Bold

The dukes of Burgundy had succeeded, over a period of about 100 years, in establishing their rule as a strong force between the Holy Roman Empire and France. Their possessions included, besides their original territories of the Franche-Comté and the Duchy of Burgundy, the economically strong regions of Flanders and Brabant as well as Luxembourg.

The dukes of Burgundy generally pursued an aggressive expansionist politics, especially in Alsace and Lorraine, seeking to geographically unite their northern and southern possessions. Having already been in conflict with the French king (Burgundy had sided with the English in the Hundred Years' War), Charles' advances along the Rhine brought him in conflict with the Habsburgs and especially emperor Frederick III.