Battle of Køge

Battle of Køge
Part of the English Wars
Date29 August 1807
Location
Køge, Herfølge, Strøby Egede and Strøby
ResultBritish victory
Belligerents
 United KingdomDenmark Denmark-Norway
Commanders and leaders
Arthur WellesleyJoachim Castenschiold
Strength
6,000 infantry
1,376 cavalry
12 guns
7,000 militia
600 cavalry
13 guns
Casualties and losses
29 killed
122 wounded
152 killed
204 wounded
1,158 captured

The Battle of Køge was a battle on 29 August 1807 between British troops besieging Copenhagen and Danish militia raised on Sjælland. It ended in British victory and is also known as 'Træskoslaget' or 'the Clogs Battle', since many of the Danish militiamen threw their heavy wooden clogs away when they were fleeing.

Course

The British government feared the powerful Danish fleet was about to fall into French hands and thus delivered Denmark an ultimatum to sail its fleet to Britain or face war with Britain. The Danes refused to sail it to Britain and so British troops landed at Vedbæk on 16 August and began to bombard Copenhagen. Generalløjtnant Castenschiold was ordered to create a frikorps and rescue Copenhagen.

Castenschiold's forces concentrated themselves around Roskilde and Lejre, while general Oxholm was sent south to activate the Søndre Sjællandske Landeværnsregiment. Castenschiold arrived at Køge on 26 August and two days later he was joined by Oxholm and his force. This gave Castenschiold a grand total of around 7,000 militiamen, 600 cavalry and 13 cannon. In the meantime the British headquarters at Copenhagen had gained had become aware of the Danish militia's mobilisation and on 27 August general Arthur Wellesley (later 1st Duke of Wellington) was ordered to find and defeat it.