Anazarbus

Anazarbus
Anavarza (in Turkish)
Anazarbus klikya city south gate.jpg
The triumphal arch of Anazarbus was later converted to the city's South Gate.
Anazarbus is located in Turkey
Anazarbus
Shown within Turkey
Alternative nameCaesarea, Justinopolis
LocationAdana Province, Turkey
RegionCilicia
Coordinates37°15′50″N 35°54′20″E / 37°15′50″N 35°54′20″E / 37.26389; 35.90556
TypeSettlement
General view
Anazarbus West Gate

Anazarbus (Ancient Greek: Ἀναζαρβός, medieval Ain Zarba; modern Anavarza; Arabic: عَيْنُ زَرْبَة‎) was an ancient Cilician city. Under the late Roman Empire, it was the capital of Cilicia Secunda. It was destroyed in 1374.

Location

It was situated in Anatolia in modern Turkey, in the present Çukurova (or classical Aleian plain) about 15 km west of the main stream of the present Ceyhan River (or classical Pyramus river) and near its tributary the Sempas Su.

A lofty isolated ridge formed its acropolis. Though some of the masonry in the ruins is certainly pre-Roman, the Suda's identification of it with Cyinda, famous as a treasure city in the wars of Eumenes of Cardia, cannot be accepted in the face of Strabo's express location of Cyinda in western Cilicia.[1]