Altea

Altea
Altea costa.JPG
Flag of Altea
Flag
Coat of arms of Altea
Coat of arms
Altea is located in Spain
Altea
Altea
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 38°35′55″N 0°3′7″W / 38°35′55″N 0°3′7″W / 38.59861; -0.05194
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceAlicante
ComarcaMarina Baixa
Government
 • MayorJaume Llinares Cortés (2015) (Compromís)
Area
 • Total34.43 km2 (13.29 sq mi)
Elevation
61 m (200 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total21,995
 • Density640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Alteà
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
03590
Official language(s)Official website

Altea (Valencian: [alˈtea], Spanish: [alˈtea]) is a city and municipality located in the province of Alicante, Spain, north of Alicante on the section of Mediterranean coast called the Costa Blanca.

At present, the economy of Altea is based on tourism, which started to grow in the 1950s because of its good weather, beaches and the labyrinthine streets with whitewashed house-fronts that characterize the town. Altea is protected on the north by the bluffs of the Serra de Bèrnia, creating an especially mild microclimate. Its seafront esplanade is planted with palms.

History

The Iberian coastal settlements at the mouth of the Algar river in the wide Bay of Altea were later joined by a Greek marketplace, named Althaia.[2]

During the Moorish domination the land around Altea belonged to the Taifa of Dénia until it was recaptured by the Christians in 1244 under James I of Aragon. The town was quickly fortified, and walls were erected to enclose what is now known as the "old town" from outsiders.