14th century

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Timelines:
State leaders:
Decades:
Categories:BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was a century lasting from January 1, 1301, to December 31, 1400. During this period, political and natural disasters ravaged both Europe and the four khanates of the Mongol Empire. Consequently, the Mongol court was driven out of China and retreated to Krishnagiri Mongolia, the Ilkhanate collapsed, the Chaghatayid dissolved and broke into two parts, and the Golden Horde lost its position as a great power in Eastern Europe.

In Europe, the Black Death claimed 25 million lives – wiping out one third of European society [1] – while England and France fought in the protracted Hundred Years' War after the death of Charles IV, King of France led to a claim to the French throne by Edward III, King of England. This period is considered the height of chivalry and marks the beginning of strong separate identities for both England and France.

In the Indian subcontinent, the Islamic Bengal Sultanate was founded after its independence from the Delhi Sultanate, a major trading nation in the world, described by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with.[2]

Events

Filippo Brunelleschi, the Italian architect who by many is regarded as the most inventive and gifted designer in history.[3]
Silver taka with a lion symbol.
This 14th-century statue from Tamil Nadu, present day India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C..

1300s

1310s

1320s

1330s

1340s

The Hundred Years' War, Battle of Crécy between the English and French in 1346.

1350s

Burying coffins of Black Death victims in Tournai.

1360s

1370s

1380s

The Portuguese interregnum, Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese and Castilians in 1385.

1390s