1210s

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The 1210s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1210, and ended on December 31, 1219.

Events

1210

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Arts and culture
Nature
Religion

1211

1212

  • July 10 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground; over 3,000 people die, many of them by drowning in the Thames. According to a contemporary account, "An awful fire broke out on the Southwark side of Lond. Bridge; and by some means, while it was raging, a fire broke out at the other end also, and so hemmed in the numerous crowds who had assembled to help the distressed. The sufferers, to avoid the flames, threw themselves over the bridge into boats and barges; but many of these sunk, the people crowding into them.".[3]
  • July 16Battle of Navas de Tolosa: The Christian kingdoms of Spain decisively defeat the Almohads, and the victory leaves the Kingdom of Castile in a difficult financial position, as numerous soldiers have to be paid by the treasury.[4]
  • DecemberFrederick II of Hohenstaufen is crowned King of Germany, with the support of Pope Innocent III.
  • The Children's Crusade for the Holy Land is organised. There are probably two separate movements of young people, both led by shepherd boys, neither of which embark from Europe, but both of which suffer considerable hardship:[5]
  • The contemplative Order of Poor Clares is founded by Clare of Assisi.
  • In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese prose.
  • Bran Castle is erected by the Teutonic Knights, in the Southern Carpathians (present day Romania).
  • John of England impounds the revenue of all prelates appointed by bishops who had deserted him at his excommunication. He remains on good terms, however, with churchmen who stood by him, including Abbot Sampson, who this year bequeaths John his jewels.[6]
  • The Banner of Las Navas de Tolosa is begun. It is a trophy of Ferdinand III of Castile, and will end up in the Museo de Telas Medievales.

1213

1214

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Education
Religion

1215

1216

By area

Europe

By topic

Religion

1217

By area

Asia
  • Mukhali returns to Genghis Khan's camp in Mongolia, and receives the hereditary title of prince, a golden seal, and a white standard with nine tails and a black crescent in the middle. He is appointed commander in chief of operations in North China.
  • The Fifth Crusade reaches the Holy Land.
Europe

1218

By area

Africa
Asia
Europe

By topic

Education
Markets
  • The northern French city of Rheims emits the first recorded public life annuity in medieval Europe. Theretofore, this type of instrument had been mostly issued by religious institutions. The emission by Rheims is the first evidence of a consolidation of public debt that is to become common in the Langue d'Oïl, the Low Countries and Germany.[24]
Religion

1219

By area

Africa
Asia
Europe

By topic

Technology