1200s (decade)

Millennium:2nd millennium
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The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

Events

1200

1201

1202

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Culture
Religion

1203

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Markets
  • The first evidence is revealed, that the Temple in London is extending loans to the king of England. The sums remain relatively small, but are often used for critical operations, such as the ransoming of the king’s soldiers captured by the French.[6]
Religion

1204

Conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders

1205

By area

Africa
  • The general Muhammad al-Inti b. Abi Hafs establishes the Almohad domination over the eastern parts of Ifriqiya, and enters Tripoli.[4]
Asia
Europe

By topic

Religion

1206

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Arts and culture
  • Sugar, an import from the Muslim world, is mentioned for the first time in a royal English account. Almonds, cinnamon, ginger, and nutmeg are also imported for royal banquets.[27]
Education
Religion
Technics
  • The Arab engineer al-Jazari describes many mechanical inventions in his book (title translated to English) The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices.

1207

By area

Asia
  • Before 1207 – Kosho writes Kuya Preaching, during the Kamakura period (it is now kept at Rokuhara Mitsu-ji, Kyoto).
  • Hōnen and his followers are exiled to remote parts of Japan, while a few are executed, for what the government considers heretical Buddhist teachings.
Europe

By topic

Markets
  • The first evidence is discovered of forced loans in Venice. This technique becomes the staple of public finance in Europe, until the 16th century.[30]
Religion

1208

By area

Asia
  • April 15 – A fire breaks out in the Song Chinese capital city of Hangzhou, raging for four days and nights, destroying 58,097 houses over an area of more than 3 miles (4.8 km), killing 59 people, and an unrecorded number of other people, who are trampled while attempting to flee. The government provides temporary lodging for 5,345 people, in nearby Buddhist and Taoist monasteries. The collective victims of the disaster are given 160,000 strings of cash, along with 400 tons of rice. Some of the government officials who lost their homes take up residence in rented boathouses, on the nearby West Lake.
Europe

By topic

Arts and culture

1209

By area

Asia
Europe

By topic

Education
Markets
  • Philippe Auguste of France grants a "conduit" to merchants going to the Champagne fairs, guaranteeing the safety of their travel, as any attempt made against them is now to be considered as a crime of lese-majesty. The decision increases again the appeal of the fairs, to merchants from Italy and the Low Countries.[34]
  • The banking firm known as the Gran Tavola is formed; most of the partners are members of the Bonsignori Family. [35]
Religion