1180s

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The 1180s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1180, and ended on December 31, 1189.

Events

1180

By area

America
Asia
=Japan=
=Near East=
Europe

By topic

Culture
Demography

1181

Asia

Japan
  • The Yowa era, marked by famine, begins in Japan.
Southeast Asia

Europe

  • After a series of defeats, the Almohad navy, under the admiral Ahmad al-Siqilli, crushes the Portuguese fleet and reasserts its control over the Atlantic Ocean.[1]
  • The word Albigensians is first used by chronicler Geoffroy du Breuil of Vigeois, to describe the inhabitants of Albi, France.
  • Philip Augustus annuls all loans made by Jews to Christians, and takes a percentage for himself. A year later, he confiscates all Jewish property and expels the Jews from Paris.[3]

By topic

Science
  • Chinese and Japanese astronomers observe what has since come to be understood as supernova SN 1181. One of only eight supernovae in the Milky Way observed in recorded history, it appears in the constellation Cassiopeia, and is visible in the night sky for about 185 days. The radio source 3C58 is thought to be the remnant from this event.
  • Guilhem VIII, lord of Montpellier in France, frees the teaching of medicine from any monopoly. (January[4]).
Religion

1182

By area

Asia
=Japan=
  • The Yowa era, marked by famine, ends in Japan.
=Near East=
=India=
  • Battle of Palnadu: The Kalachuri civil war ends in victory for the Palanati Kalachuris of India, and their leader, Nalagama Raju.
=Mongolia=
  • Genghis Khan is captured, and carried in a cage to a rival's camp.
Europe

By topic

Religion

1183


By area

Byzantine Empire
Europe
Asia
=Japan=
=Near East=

1184

By area

Africa
  • Yaqub al-Mansur becomes the third Almohad Caliph.
  • The warlord Ali b. Ghaniya and his brother Yahya seize by surprise the Almohad-dominated cities of Constantine, Béjaïa and Algiers. While they are away from their base in Mallorca, one of their brothers, Muhammad, takes control of the island and calls in the Almohads, whom intend to capture Mallorca for themselves. The Banu Ghaniya reenforcement arrives just in time from Africa, to defeat the Almohads and reassert their domination of the island.[1]
Asia
=Japan=
Europe

By topic

Religion

1185

By area

Africa
Asia
=Japan=
=India=
  • Mohammad of Ghur takes Punjab and Lahore, overthrowing the Ghaznavids.
Europe
=British isles=
  • Henry II of England knights his heir John of England, and sends him to Ireland to enforce English control. According to Gerald of Wales, the only witness to chronicle the expedition, it is a disaster in which money is wasted on alcohol, and the Irish chieftains are scorned into uniting against a common enemy. By the end of the year, John has returned to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry gets him named King of Ireland by Pope Urban III, and procures a golden crown with peacock feathers.[26]
  • Templars settle in London and begin building the New Temple Church.
=Eastern Europe=
After Igor's battle with the Cumans

By topic

Astronomy
Markets
Religion

1186

1187

By area

America
Africa
Asia
Europe

By topic

Markets
  • To finance the siege of Zara, the Doge of Venice grants the benefits of the revenue from the salt tax to a consortium of creditors. Pledging the income from the Salt Office becomes a staple of the city's finance.[47]
Religion

1188

1189

By place

Asia
Europe